There's a common assumption that renting a home is a more affordable option than buying one. But according to a new report from Realtor.com, only 15 of the 50 largest metro areas favor renting over buying, even with current high housing market prices. A report by the National Association of Realtors found that 38% of renters can afford to buy a home. And among renters, a Zillow report says that 45% of renters surveyed said they regret renting rather than buying, compared to only 8% of home buyers that regret buying instead of renting. And it's no wonder, according to a June 29, 2021 report from Apartment List, the median apartment rent in the U.S. rose 9.2% through the first six months of 2021, compared to a normal growth rate in the first half of the year of 2% to 3%.
So why aren't more renters buying?
Here are a few of the home buying challenges renters are facing in 2021:
- Record high median home prices. In May 2021, the median single-family home sold for a record $350,300, up 24% from May of 2020, when the median price was $283,500.
- Low inventory. A big reason home prices are going up is that inventory for homes for sale is so low. According to a Realtor.com market summary, active listings are down 42% year over year for June 2021.
- High down payments. Many people believe that a 20% down payment is needed to purchase a house, which can take many years to save.
- Student debt payments. According to the NAR, 24% of all home-buying households reported having student debt in 2020, which can add two years to save for a down payment. And having this debt can adversely affect your debt-to-income ratio.
While these are all valid hurdles renters may need to overcome, here are some things you can do to make the path to homeownership easier:
- Use a calculator to determine if renting is a better option than owning, considering such factors as the time you expect to stay in your new home, rent and home appreciation rates, the rate you earn on savings, taxes, and maintenance costs.
- Research different mortgage loan programs. First-time home buyers should look into all purchasing programs available to them, including FHA loans, VA loans, Good Neighbor programs, zero down programs, and rate lock programs. It's also a good idea to get pre-approval so you can be ahead of the game. Some banks offer programs that allow you to be underwritten upfront so that you're ahead of the process versus other buyers when you find your home. This is especially advantageous in a low inventory market. And if you are self-employed and can't supply a W-2 or pay stubs, a bank statement loan is a good option.
- Save money. Having money saved up is crucial when buying a home, but not all loans will require a significant down payment. While some loans will need as much as 20% down if you don't want to pay private mortgage insurance, FHA loan down payments can be as low as 3.5%, VA loans require no down payment, and depending on your credit score, you can pay as little as 3% down or no down payment at all. However, you should budget another 2%-5% of the sale price for closing costs and fees you may need to cover.
- Determine and improve your DTI. Your debt-to-income, or DTI ratio, is the percent of your monthly gross income that goes toward outstanding debt. Lenders look at this ratio to determine how much you can afford to pay for a home, which is why it is important to pay down as many outstanding debts as you can. If you want to know how much home you can afford, here's another calculator you can use.
- Find a reputable real estate agent - The right real estate agent can make all the difference when looking to buy your first home in a low inventory market. Find an agent that will look out for your best interests and give you their full attention. Ask friends and family for recommendations, check online reviews, and talk to two or more agents before you make a decision.
If you would like more information on how to buy a home, give the experts at NASB a call at 855-465-0753 or click here.