By Ken McCormick
Vice President, Relationship Management

What is FDIC Insurance?

May 02, 2023

  • Savings Accounts
  • Certificates of Deposit
  • Banking
  • Checking Accounts

You work hard for your money and want it to be safe. Fortunately, the accounts in your financial institution are FDIC-insured. So, what is FDIC insurance, and how does it work?

The Federal Deposit Insurance Company (FDIC) was founded in 1933 following the 1929 stock market crash to protect deposit holders against potential bank failures by providing deposit insurance. The initial limit was $2,500 per ownership category, which has increased several times. The latest increase to $250,000 per ownership category was enacted via the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2010.

According to the FDIC, here are the types of accounts that are covered:

And here are the types of accounts not covered by the FDIC:

  • Stock investments
  • Bond investments
  • Mutual funds
  • Crypto Assets
  • Life insurance policies
  • Annuities
  • Municipal Securities
  • Safe deposit boxes or their contents
  • U.S. Treasury bills, bonds, or notes*

*These investments are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.

Deposits held by a person in multiple FDIC-insured banks are insured up to $250,000 per institution. A depositor may also have accounts in the same bank insured for up to $250,000 per ownership type. The different FDIC ownership account categories are:

  • Personal
  • Business
  • Government

If you need help determining how the insurance rules and limits apply to your deposits in a specific bank, the FDIC has an Electronic Deposit Insurance Estimator (EDIE).  EDIE calculates the insurance coverage for your accounts and ensures you don’t exceed your coverage limits. You can access EDIE here.

Some financial institutions do not insure their deposits with the FDIC or the NCUA (National Credit Union Administration, the insurance entity for credit unions). Depositors should be wary of these institutions, look for the FDIC or NCUA insurance logo, or ask to ensure their account is insured before depositing.

NASB is an FDIC-insured bank; all deposit accounts are covered up to $250,000. If you want to learn more about how the FDIC insures accounts, visit one of the bankers at our NASB branches or click here